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Drug-Testing Appeals Process

Updated June 23, 2020

If requested to do so, an institution is required to bring an appeal on behalf of a student-athlete who has a positive drug test or who violates an NCAA drug-testing protocol. The procedures for appeal are contained in Section 8.0 of the NCAA Drug-Testing Program Protocol. The following information is provided to NCAA institutions that may be considering filing an appeal on behalf of a student-athlete.

  1. The NCAA does not restrict the grounds for an appeal, but an institution bringing an appeal must comply with the requirements set forth in Section 8.0 of the NCAA Drug-Testing Program Protocol. Appeal considerations are outlined below:
    1. Procedural challenge: Either the institution or student-athlete may challenge any procedure relating to the collection or testing of the subject samples. If the institution or student-athlete proves it is more likely than not that any substantiated problem with the collection or testing procedures materially affects a sample's integrity, the drug-test appeal panel may find that no doping violation has occurred.
    2. Knowledge challenge: The student-athlete is responsible for all substances consumed. However:
      1. If the institution or the student-athlete demonstrates that the student-athlete was not aware they had been administered (defined as placed into the student-athlete’s system directly or through food or drink) a substance by another person that later is found to have contained a banned ingredient, then the drug-test appeal panel may determine that no violation has occurred. In this situation, the student-athlete must provide proof that they he or she both did not know and could not reasonably have known or suspected (even with the exercise of utmost caution) that he or she had been administered by a third party a substance that is later found to have contained a banned ingredient. or
      2. If the institution or the student-athlete demonstrates that the student-athlete asked specific and reasonable questions about a particular substance, medication or product of the appropriate athletics administrator and the athletics administrator erroneously assured the inquiring student-athlete that the substance does not list a banned ingredient (but it did), then the drug-test appeal panel may determine that no violation has occurred. In this case where the substance, medication or product reviewed and approved for use by the institution does list a banned substance, this may result in an institutional violation.
    3. Reduction of penalty based on mitigating factors:

      The following will not be considered mitigating factors in a drug-test appeal:

      1. The type or amount of banned substance detected through the drug test;
      2. Evidence of the student-athlete’s good character;
      3. The degree of remorse demonstrated by the student-athlete; family hardship or history of family dysfunction; or
      4. The degree to which the banned substance may or may not affect athletic performance.

      The drug-test appeal panel may reduce the current legislative sanction to an immediate suspension from competition in all sports and withholding from competition for the equivalent of the next 50% of each sport’s regular season schedule, when circumstances might indicate a reduction is warranted. For example:

      1. Where it is shown that the institution's drug-education program was inadequate and such shortcomings influenced the student-athlete’s judgment regarding the propriety of taking a specific product (a reduction of penalty normally will not be available in the case of admitted illicit drug use); or
      2. A student-athlete’s ability to discern he or she was using a banned substance was due to circumstances beyond the student-athlete’s control.
  2. The request for an appeal shall be submitted to Drug Free Sport International by the institution within two business days of the confirmation of the positive B result. Institutions must submit to Drug Free Sport International the required appeal documentation within 45 days of their request to appeal.
    1. A written summary outlining the grounds of the appeal; and
    2. A written summary describing the institution’s drug-education program; and
    3. If banned substances were detected, a list of supplements the student-athlete has taken within the last 365 days.
  3. At least three members of the NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports drug-test appeal subcommittee panel hear appeals. In the event a member of the panel is employed by a member institution belonging to the same athletics conference of the appealing institution, that committee member will not hear the appeal.
  4. Appeals are conducted by telephone conference arranged by Drug Free Sport International for the NCAA. NCAA staff, NCAA drug-testing consultants and NCAA legal counsel are normally present during the telephone conference, but do not participate in panel voting.
  5. The panel prefers not to know the identity of the institution requesting the appeal or the identities of any of the institutional representatives, the student-athlete or his/her representatives. Accordingly, during the telephone conference, parties should refer to themselves only by title and should not mention the institution's name.
  6. The institution and the student-athlete may include any party on the telephone conference they wish after reporting their names and telephone numbers to Drug Free Sport International. The institution is required to include the student-athlete and the director of athletics. The director of athletics may designate a senior staff member to participate in their absence.
  7. The chair of the drug-test appeal panel or designee will open the telephone conference appeal by inviting the institution and its representatives and/or the student-athlete and their representatives to provide orally any information they wish to have before thepanel. The panel prefers that the student-athlete present their information immediately after any introductory statements made by the director of athletics. Opportunity will be given to all parties to have questions asked and answered.
  8. Following the presentation by the institution and the question and answer period, the chair will ask the institution and any drug-testing consultants to leave the telephone conference and at that time the panel will deliberate and render a decision. The NCAA staff will contact the director of athletics to report the panel's decision as soon as possible. It is the institution's responsibility to inform the student-athlete.
  9. In the event of an analytical positive test, when the appeal is granted, the student-athlete must test negative on an NCAA-administered drug test prior to returning to competition. In the event the panel denies the appeal and imposes a sanction, the provisions of NCAA Bylaw (DI and DII student-athletes) and (DIII student-athletes) will apply.

If you have questions about the NCAA drug-testing appeals process, please contact