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2018 Enforcement Year in Review

If a rule violation occurs on your campus, the NCAA’s enforcement staff will work with you to resolve the infractions issue. Enforcement plays a key role in the overarching mission to uphold integrity and fair play among schools and conferences while ensuring that playing by the rules does not place compliant schools and student-athletes at a disadvantage.

To succeed, an environment of trust and collaboration between your school, conference and the NCAA’s enforcement staff is vital. The NCAA’s enforcement development staff works with member schools, their athletics departments and others to identify issues and concerns affecting college sports and encourages them to report potential violations as early as possible.

The investigations group, which evaluates potential violations, is committed to investigating facts in a fair, accurate, collaborative and timely manner. When the staff contemplates bringing allegations for some of the most significant violations, it considers factors laid out in specific guidelines agreed to by the membership. The guidelines provide clarity around serious violations: lack of institutional control, failure to monitor, unethical conduct and head coach responsibility.

If an investigation on your campus concludes that violations likely occurred, parties will prepare relevant information for presentation to the Division I Committee on Infractions.

Resolution Paths for Violations

Information about potential rule violations is reported to the enforcement staff by many sources.

Some of that information is not credible or specific enough to open an investigation, and other information suggests a violation may have occurred. When credible information is received either the enforcement staff begins investigating or it is handled outside the infractions process. Only a small proportion of them turn into full investigations, with staff serving as a vital filter that determines which are worth pursuing.

Enforcement Staff Facts and Figures


Enforcement Case Volume and Processing Time

Of those hundreds of tips, some lead to substantive investigations, but only a handful of those yield a comprehensive case that is brought to the Committee on Infractions. Enforcement staff rely on other mechanisms to process the remainder of the investigations.


Average Times for Summary Disposition

In Summary Disposition cases, these are the average number of months spent at each stage of the process.

Average Times for Hearing

In Hearing cases, these are the average number of months spent at each stage of the process.

* Average Total Duration may not equal the sum of Average Investigation Time and Average Processing Time due to rounding factors.

Case Breakdown by Type

Allegations by Sport

While high-profile sports often draw the attention when the enforcement staff makes formal allegations, potential violations are investigated in a wide range of Division I sports and often involve more than one sport. The following are violations investigated, substantiated and provided to the Committee on Infractions for adjudication.

Most Common Level I/II Violations

Head coaches have been involved in violations more than any other position in the last five years, but allegations pertain to individuals from all areas of college athletics.


Who Commits Violations?

What’S New:

How a Negotiated Resolution Will Work

When the enforcement staff agrees with the school or involved individuals on the violations, level of violations and penalties, they can work together on a negotiated resolution. The process uses fewer resources and expedites review by the Division I Committee on Infractions.

While it is the preference for everyone to work toward a resolution together, a negotiated resolution may be reached with an individual or school while the remainder of the case is resolved through summary disposition or a hearing. The information contained in a negotiated resolution may be used by the enforcement staff as it investigates the remainder of the case, and any resolutions reached as part of wider cases are considered tentative until the entire case is complete.

The Division I Committee on Infractions reviews the case to determine whether the resolution is in the best interest of the NCAA and whether the agreed-upon penalties are appropriate.

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