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2018 Division I Committee on Infractions Year in Review

When a case is submitted to the Division I Committee on Infractions, the allegations will be considered by a panel of peers much like yourself. They are individuals from NCAA schools, conferences and the general public. They are college administrators or former coaches, attorneys or university professors. Together, they form the heart of the peer-review process that defines the NCAA’s infractions system.

Cases are heard by randomly generated panels of either three or five-to-seven members, which can be formed as needed, depending on the caseload. Through these panels, the committee decides infractions cases that involve alleged rules violations developed during the enforcement staff’s investigative process. It then decides what happened, whether the actions violated NCAA rules, and what penalties should be prescribed.

The committee has refined its processes in recent years to promote outcomes that are fair, transparent and accountable, and completed in an efficient time frame. Though each case presents unique facts, violation and penalty trends demonstrate the review process is consistent.

Meet the Committee

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The committee includes up to 24 members

Their professional profiles include:

  • Current or former university presidents and chancellors
  • Current or former athletics directors
  • Conference commissioners and other representatives
  • Former NCAA coaches
  • Campus and conference compliance officials
  • Faculty athletics representatives
  • Other university staff or faculty
  • Members of the public with formal legal training

Professional backgrounds of current and former COI members include:

  • Former United States attorney general
  • Southeastern Conference commissioner
  • Former head of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
  • Member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
  • Former general counsel to the FBI
  • General counsel to U.S. Anti-Doping Agency

Most cases are considered by panels of five to seven members.

A three-member panel may be assigned based on the number and/or nature of allegations.


How Cases are Resolved

In 2012, NCAA members approved an updated structure in hopes of improving accountability and efficiency. It was formally implemented in 2013 and allowed infractions cases to be resolved in a few ways. For Level I and Level II violations that are not resolved via a negotiated resolution, parties may have a formal hearing or attempt to reach a summary disposition.

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Case Efficiency

Changes to the infractions process in recent years have sought to make the process more efficient.

Penalty Analysis

When the Committee on Infractions evaluates appropriate penalties, it looks to ensure the penalty is consistent with the level of violations. Data from 2018 shows that more egregious violations were met with stronger consequences.