In 2018, NCAA membership made sweeping changes to the investigations and infractions process that created independent groups to prevent conflicts of interest. NCAA Division I cases deemed complex are now eligible for the Independent Accountability Resolution Process (IARP) Examples of complex cases include alleged violations of core NCAA values, such as prioritizing academics and the well-being of student-athletes; the possibility of major penalties; or adversarial behavior. Multiple parties are able to request a case be deemed complex: school representatives, NCAA Division I Committee on Infractions members or NCAA enforcement staff.


Independent Accountability Oversight Committee

The Independent Accountability Oversight Committee oversees the process and is made of up three independent members of the NCAA Board of Governors and the chair and vice chair of the Division I Board of Directors.

The group appoints members of the Independent Resolution Panel [Link to roster page], independent investigators and advocates on the Complex Case Unit and select members of the Infractions Referral Committee.


Infractions Referral Committee

An independent administrative body charged with deciding whether to approve or reject requests for referral of an infractions case to the independent accountability resolution process.

Committee is made up of a member of the Independent Resolution Panel (serves as chair), a member of the NCAA Division I Committee on Infractions, a member of the NCAA Division I Infractions Appeals Committee and the chair and vice chair of the NCAA Division I Council.

This committee reviews and confirms the complexity of a case and determines whether a request meets the standard for referral.


Complex Case Unit

This group includes both external investigators with no school or conference affiliations and select NCAA enforcement staff. Independent investigators are a key part of the new process. Once a case is referred, unit members will decide whether further investigation of the facts is needed and, if it is, conduct the investigation and shepherd the case through its review by the Independent Resolution Panel.


Independent Resolution Panel

This group reviews the findings from the Complex Case Unit and the school’s response to those findings, and then oversees the case hearing and decides penalties. The panel consists of 15 members with legal, higher education and/or sports backgrounds who are not affiliated with NCAA member schools or conferences. Each case will be handled by a panel of five of the 15 members.

Decisions issued by the Independent Resolution Panel are final and are not subject to appeal.