Fairness

With major reforms continuing rapidly in college athletics, key rule changes are focused on improving the student-athlete experience. The NCAA is committed to providing a fair, inclusive and fulfilling environment for student-athletes and fans.

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Succeeding After Graduation

To track the long-term outcomes of previous college athletes, the NCAA collaborated with Gallup Inc. to survey those who graduated from 1970-2014. The goal of the study, which included interviews with more than 1,600 former student-athletes ages 22-71, was to evaluate their well-being compared with responding graduates who were not college athletes. The findings showed former college athletes were more likely than non-former college athletes to be thriving in four of the five well-being elements: purpose, social, community and physical. The Gallup study, “Understanding Life Outcomes of Former NCAA Student-Athletes,” found the majority of former student-athletes (56 percent) are thriving in the purpose element. Among those who played football or men’s basketball, an even higher percentage (62 percent) like what they do each day and are motivated to achieve their goals.

Getting the Most Out of the Full College Experience

In 2017, Division I increased flexibility in eligibility rules to allow student-athletes to more easily pursue internships and study abroad opportunities. Additionally, the Division I autonomy conferences – the Atlantic Coast, Big 12, Big Ten, Pac-12 and Southeastern – approved several measures to give student-athletes more discretionary time to better balance their athletics and academic commitments. The remaining schools and conferences in Division I can decide individually whether to adopt the changes. Also in 2017, Division II voted to provide student-athletes additional time off when they’re not competing in their season, and Division III voted to allow student-athletes in track and field and swimming to choose their own day off each week.

Covering what scholarships don't

The autonomy conferences – the Atlantic Coast, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12 and Southeastern – redefined athletics scholarships to include the federally reported full cost of attendance. That means student-athletes can receive additional funds to cover the difference between what their athletics scholarship traditionally covered and the additional expenses of attending school. The value of those benefits can differ from campus to campus, and all Division I schools can choose to participate.

Additionally, the $80 million Student Assistance Fund is available to Division I student-athletes for essential needs, from flying home for a funeral or buying a winter coat to purchasing a laptop needed for class.

Staying In the Game

Guaranteeing scholarships regardless of athletic performance or injury offers peace of mind. In 2015, the Division I autonomy conferences did just that – ensuring scholarships no longer could be revoked based on athletic performance or injury. While scholarships can be revoked for other reasons, such as behavioral issues, athletic performance or injury are no longer among those criteria at the 65 autonomy schools. This approach has also been adopted by several conferences outside the autonomy group.

Student-Athlete Voice

Student-athletes have a voice in the NCAA decision-making processes. In Division I, three college athletes from each of the five autonomy conferences vote as part of the governance structure, in addition to other student-athlete representation on the Division I Board of Directors, Council and Council subcommittees. In Division II, two members of the national Student-Athlete Advisory Committee have a vote on the Management Council, and the SAAC also has a vote at the NCAA Convention. Division III athletes have similar Management Council voting power.

Deciding Whether to Go Pro

College athletes now can make more informed decisions about going pro. In 2016, Division I changed the rules and deadlines for students exploring entering the NBA draft. The new rule allows players to withdraw from the draft as many as 10 days after the end of the NBA draft combine. Additionally, players may now declare for the draft multiple times - provided they withdraw before the new deadline without hiring an agent - and will be allowed to attend the draft combine and one tryout per year for each NBA team without losing college eligibility.

Also, high school baseball players are allowed to retain an agent for professional league contract negotiations. The relationship must be severed if the student decides to enroll in college and play baseball in Division I.

Fostering Diversity and Gender Equity

The NCAA believes in and is committed to diversity, inclusion and gender equity among its student-athletes, coaches and administrators. To further that mission, the NCAA’s Board of Governors created the Pledge and Commitment to Promoting Diversity and Gender Equity in Intercollegiate Athletics, which commits those who sign it to achieving ethnic and racial diversity and gender equity in hiring sports practices. Developed out of a member concern for the low representation of racial and ethnic minorities and women in coaching and athletics administration at all levels, the pledge has received widespread support since its launch in 2016, with more than 700 university presidents and almost 100 conferences signing on.

More Opportunities

The NCAA creates opportunities for female student-athletes through the Emerging Sports for Women program. Since 1994, the number of female student-athletes has nearly doubled to more than 211,000 participants. In 2015, beach volleyball was approved for championship status, allowing the sport to become the 90th NCAA championship.