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Frequently Asked Questions about Academic Progress Rate (APR)

Frequently Asked Questions

How is the APR calculated?

While eligibility requirements make the individual student-athlete accountable, the Academic Progress Rate creates a level of institutional responsibility. The Academic Progress Rate is a Division I metric developed to track the academic achievement of teams each academic term.

Each student-athlete receiving athletically related financial aid earns one retention point for staying in school and one eligibility point for being academically eligible. A team’s total points are divided by points possible and then multiplied by one thousand to equal the team’s Academic Progress Rate score.

What are the APR penalties?

The first penalty level limits teams to 16 hours of athletics activities per week over five days (as opposed to 20 over six days), with the lost four hours to be replaced with academic activities. The second level includes the first-level penalties and limits athletics activities to four hours per week out-of-season.  These four hours must be replaced by academic activities.  Also, the team's playing season and the number of contests must be reduced by ten percent or the non-championship segment must be canceled.   In football, that would include the cancellation of spring practice.

Why doesn’t the NCAA include the postseason ban in the penalty structure?

The postseason ban is not considered a penalty for poor academic performance. Instead, the requirement that teams achieve a minimum APR, increasing steadily to 930 by 2014-15, is simply a benchmark for participation in championships. Just as teams must win in competition to be eligible for championships, they now must also achieve in the classroom.